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Sat-ND, 15./16.5.96




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Peter C. Klanowski, Fax +49-451-5820055, pck@LyNet.De

This issue is sponsored by TELE-satellite, Europe's Satellite Magazine 
Have a look at their homepage! >> http://www.TELE-satellit.com/ <<


Nachrichten vom 15./16. Mai 1996

There are no diplomatic relationships between Israel and Indonesia, the
world's most populous islamic country. But when the 86th Ariane rocket
blasted off last night at 0156 GMT, a satellite from each country was on
board the Ariane 44L launcher. Twenty minutes into the flight, US-built
PALAPA C2 (based on Hughes' HS 601 platform) was released to its transfer
orbit. Four minutes later, Israel's AMOS 1 was set free. According to the
manufacturer, Israel Aircraft Industries, all systems of the indigenous
satellite "are working as planned." In addition to several Arab countries,
an American company is interested in using AMOS capacity for providing
Internet services in the Middle East. Israeli Officials denied that AMOS 1
also acts as a spy satellite, eavesdropping on neighbouring satellites.
Meir Amit, who initiated the AMOS project, was the former head of Israel's
secret service Mossad, his partner Hezi Carmel reportedly was the Mossad's
representative in (believe it or not) Indonesia.
The next Ariane launch will take place on May 30, when Ariane 5 is due to
put four Cluster satellites in orbit on its maiden flight. The next Ariane
4 will take off on June 12 with INTELSAT 709 on board.

The launch of Hughes Communications' GALAXY IX has been scheduled for next
Wednesday, May 22. The launch window for the McDonnell Douglas Delta II
rocket opens at 1236 GMT and stays open for about an hour. Customers
include General Communication Inc., TVN, Global Access Telecommunications,
Japan's NHK, the Computer Television Network and, above all, Viacom Inc.
Five of the 24 C band transponders will be used by the MTV company for
cable television feeds serving the US west coast.

According to China' news agency Xinhua, a satellite built by Lockheed
Martin Corp., USA, will be launched as CHINASAT 1 in late 1997. The
satellite is expected to arrive in Xichang launch centre in September
1997. With its 24 C band and 24 Ku band transponders, each with 36 MHz
bandwidth, it offers the same capacity already used by China  on
different satellites. The satellite's owner, China Orient Telecom
Satellite Company Ltd., claims that Intelsat and Inmarsat have already
contacted the company about leasing capacity.

Specialists are examining the fragments of the Soyuz-U rocket and the
KOSMOS satellite that have crashed in Kazakhstan after Thurday's
unsuccessful launch attempt two days ago. First result: There was an
emergency shut-off of the rocket's engines just two minutes after
take-off, following mechanical damage of its upper parts. It is still
unknown what caused the damage.

Japan is interested in possessing its own spy satellites, as Prime
Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto told reporters. However, he also stated that
this was "a question of cost performance". In 1969, Japan's parliament
banned the use of space for military purposes. Following recent discussion
on the subject, Japan's NEC Corp estimated the cost of a national
reconnaissance satellite at US$2 billion. Besides, it would take eight
years before it was operational. A study by the defence ministry came to
the conclusion that a system consisting of five to seven satellites could
cost up to US$10 billion. Its main purpose will most likely be tracking
military units, facilities and weapons in North Korea. The project might
also give Japan's launcher H2 a lift.


Neuaufschaltungen
* Am Mittwoch nachmittag "fand" ich über EUTELSAT II-F3 (16 Grad Ost) auf
11,080 GHz, h, das libysche TV. Bis 18 Uhr war es nicht identisch mit der
Abstrahlung über 1 Grad West, erst danach. Und wo liegt der Ton? Ich weiß
es nicht. Mit dem MC115 ist er auf 6,60 MHz, Audiobandbreite normal. Mit
dem MC140 ist er auf 6,40 MHz, Audiobandbreite Breit. Sendenorm ist PAL,
Sendeschluß muß um 22.00 Uhr sein, da ja dann dort BHT auf Sendung geht.
* Seit Mittwoch sendet ESPN über PAS 4 (68,4 Grad Ost,) 3,862 GHz, h, nur
noch in B-MAC.
* Da auch am Freitag Canal sur, HISPASAT 1A/B (30,5 Grad West,) 12,591
GHz, v, um 19 Uhr begann, kann davon ausgegangen werden, daß die Sendezeit
eine Stunde nach hinten verschoben wurde.
* Seit kurzem ist GORIZONT 24 (80 Grad Ost) wesentlich schlechter als
bisher zu empfangen, von ntw im Ku-Band, 11,525 GHz, rz, sehe ich nun
überhaupt nichts mehr. Übrigens gibt es auch auf GORIZONT 26 (11 Grad
West) nach Sendeschluß ein nicht gerade ermutigendes Dia, auf dem steht,
daß der Empfang in Zukunft nur noch mit 2,50 bis 3,10 cm möglich ist.
Bisher konnte ORTI, 3,675 GHz, rz, bereits mit 1 m spikesfrei empfangen
werden. (Norbert Schlammer)

Der englische Sender EBN (European Bussiness News) ist ab sofort auch im
WWW vertreten. Wie Robin Clark mitteilte, sind Informationen rund um den
Wirtschaftskanal auf Hot Bird 1 (13 Grad Ost) unter folgender Adresse
abzurufen: http://www.ebn.co.uk/ 
(Stefan Hagedorn)


Thanks to our contributors --
Stefan Hagedorn: 100702.350@compuserve.com 
Norbert Schlammer: 100415.3560@compuserve.com

========================================================
Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr. Copyright 1996 by Peter C. Klanowski,
pck@LyNet.De. All rights reserved.
Einsender erklären sich mit Bearbeitung und Veröffentlichung
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